TRADITION

 

 

 

III.

The Commemorative Festivals


The Worship of National Heros

 

 

 

 

        Commemoration Festival of Nation Founder King HÙNG (on April 26th i.e. March 10th of lunar calendar) : It's Commemoration Feast in HÙNG Temple, at Hy-Cương Village, District of Lâm-Thao, Province of Phú-Thọ.

 

 

 

 

 

      Commemoration Festival of Two Ladies Sisters TRƯNG : It's about the Festival organized each year according to nationajl protocles and regionales traditions for commémorer the first soulèvement on Mê-Linh Lands of the whole Âu Lạc people against feodales forces of northern HÁN Dynasty in the beginning of Christian Era, leaded by Two Ladies Sisters TRƯNG (Trưng-Trắc and Trưng-Nhị) in the spring of the Year 40 AD.

      Two Ladies Sisters TRƯNG had founded an independent monarchic nation, unified and sovereign in this time, putting an end to a first period of invasion, governed by northern feodal China during 246 years (from 207 BC. into 39 AD.).

Commemoration Feast of Two Ladies Sisters TRƯNG
in the year of 1950 at Hà-Nội

 

Commemoration Feast of Two Ladies Sisters TRƯNG
in the year of 1957 at Saigon

 

Commemoration Feast of Two Ladies Sisters TRƯNG
in the year of 1960 at Saigon

Commemoration Feast of Two Ladies Sisters TRƯNG
in the year of 1973 at Saigon

Parade during the Commemoration Feast of Two Ladies Sisters TRƯNG at Saigon
under Republic of Việt Nam .

      The lands where Two Ladies Sisters TRƯNG had passed through, the places of fortifications and battlefields established by them and their generallisimos becomes thus the lieux where are built consacred temples dedicated to their cult without interruption. At present these are culural historical vestiges in geographical region of Vĩnh-Phúc.

      Each year, in quartiers of historical vestiges inherent in Temples dedicated to the Cult of Two Ladies Sisters TRƯNG a Festival are openied from 4th into 10th of First Lunar Month (the 6th is the capital day of Festival). Festival organized according to protocols of national rank and regional traditions include : the offerings of alight incense sticks, the metting for commémorer the day when Two Ladies Sisters TRƯNG officiated the Sacrifice to Flags at the very beginning of the uprising and to celebrate the Rites according to traditional protoles, as well as cultural activities, entertainments, sports and physical education events. It exists in the whole country 103 places of cult, dedicated to Two Ladies Sisters TRƯNG and their Generalissimos and Warriors, in 9 Provinces and Cities. Particularly at Mê-Linh Prefecture, there are 25 Temples in 13 Villages inherent in historical vestiges.


Procession during the Commemoration day
of Two Ladies Sisters TRƯNG.

 

Procession of War Elephants and Offering
from the Communales Hoouse of Hạ Lôi into the Temple of
Two Ladies Sisters TRƯNG
in 2010.

 

Young girls from Mê-Linh in the walk-on part
of Two Ladies Sisters TRƯNG's Female Warriors.

 

Commemoration Feast of Two Ladies Sisters TRƯNG
at Hát-Môn Temple

 

Great Commemoration Feast of Two Ladies Sisters TRƯNG
organized by the Old Female Students of King Ladies TRƯNG School Association.
at Saigon Performing Arts Center in Fountain Valley - South California - in 2014.


(Photo Credit : Thanh-Phong / Viễn-Đông)

 

Old Female Students of King Ladies TRƯNG School at Saigon in bygonedays.

(Photo Credit : Thanh-Phong / Viễn-Đông)

 

 

        Commemoration Festival of Illustrious Generallissimo Lý-Thường-Kiệt (1019-1105), winner against Song army : It's the Commemoration Feast at Bắc Biên Village (on April 22th i.e. on March 6th of lunar calendar) The life and the feats of arms of the illustrious general Lý-Thường-Kiệt have been writen down in history books ; numerous are the lands where the peouple has built temples for worshiping him there a cult.

        Commemoration Feast at Hà-Nội City :
              At Cơ-Xá Temple : It's about the place that la municipalité have decided to begin the restoration in the view of illustrious général Lý Thường Kiệt veneration, in occasion of 996 years commemoration of Thăng-Long medieval capital. This Temple is located at the at the beginning of Nguyễn-Huy Tự steet (phường Bạch Ðằng, in arrondissement of Two Dames Trưng). Every 21 on 2nd lunar month, plenty of persons come there from several lands for making an offering of incense sticks to the memory of the famous general from LÝ Dynasty, their national hero.
              In Hà Nội, illustrious general Lý Thường Kiệt receives also the veneration of population at Nam-Ðồng Temple (district of Ðống Ða), at Thiên-Tiên Temple (Hàng-Bông trade street) and at Bắc-Biên Temple (in arrondissement of Long Biên).
              At Bắc-Biên Village(commune of Ngọc-Thụy, sous-prefecture of Gia Lâm - Hà Nội City), the Commemoration Feast takes place on the 6th of 3rd lunar month in reconnaisance of illustrious general Lý Thường Kiệt, the person having guided the people in the victory against SONG invaders . This Feast of Bắc Biên village shows also social relations with limitrophe villages where the Cult Temple is dedicaced to Lý Thường Kiệt.

        Fête de Commémoration à Bắc-Ninh :
              At Nghè-Bươu Temple : This Temple is located at North-West from Lộ-Bao village, commune of Nội-Duệ, sous-prefecture of Tiên-Du. This is a hieratical Temple in the shade of leaves. This is the exceptionel vestige of Bắc-Ninh territory, an old place of Connetable Lý-Thường-Kiệt cult, the man having several kind deeds to the people and the country. According to the regional oral tradition, Nghè-Bươu was, in effect, the place where stationed the post of commandement of Lý Thường Kiệt during advances of his troops for establishing defence lines of Như-Nguyệt river in order to fight SONG army. Since always, people of Lộ-Bao venerate Lý Thường Kiệt as Tutelary God of Villages and CIties.

        Fête de Commémoration à Hà-Nam :
              At Quyển-Sơn village Temple : The Commemoration Feast is organized every year, on the 15th day of the 3rd lunar month, in "Trúc Temple", situed at the commune of Thi Sơn, sous-prefecture of Kim Bảng, in the Hà Nam town. A great Feast of Commemoration is organized there every five years, bringing together precious folkloric elements and rares since fluvial regions into those of mountains.
              It's a high in color Commemoration Feast with historic vestiges from heroic times of the LÝ Dynasty as the navy force training, the dance of Four Fabulous Animals, the Folk Songs "Hát Dặm", and so on...



Trúc Temple - Quyển-Sơn Village



Procession



Đáy River



Contest of Dugout Canoes

 



Dance of Four Fabulous Animals
(Dragon, Unicorn, Turtle, Phoenix)

 



Dance of Four Fabulous Animals
(Dragon, Unicorn, Turtle, Phoenix)

 

        The rythm of "Hát Dặm" Folkloric Songs from Thi-Sơn commune made oneself famous in all the country.

Dance "Hát Dặm" from Thi-Sơn commune at Quyển-Sơn village

Dance "Hát Dặm" from Thi-Sơn commune at Quyển-Sơn village

 

 

        Commemoration Festival of Illustrious Generallissimo Trần Hưng Đạo (1228-1300), winner against Mongol-Yuan army : The Commemoration Feast is organized each year in Autumn on August 8th of lunar calendar ati Kiếp-Bạc Temple : the veneration place of King Hưng Đạo Trần Quốc Tuấn, at Hưng Đạo Village, District of Chí Linh.

Vạn Kiếp núi lồng hình kiếm dựng
Lục Đầu vang dội tiếng quân reo

At Vạn-Kiếp, the mountains take for ever the shape of raised swords ;
At Lục-Đầu, the river still rings out the war cries of combatants.

       To tell the truth, King Hưng-Đạo Trần Quốc Tuấn died in his palace on August 20th Year of Snake (1300) of lunar calendar (i.e. September 5th1300).

 

 

 

 

      Commemoration Feast of Pacificator King LÊ-Lợi (1428-1433) : Each year, on 22th of Lunar Month August, Việt people and tourists ò the nation come en foules nombreuses to the région of historical vestige of Lam Kinh (prefecture of Thọ-Xuân, province of Thanh-Hóa) in order to feast the Commemoration. In the subconscient of each person is deeply engraved the dicton “The 21st forLê Lai, the 22nd for Lê Lợi” in view to rmember the imposing merits grandioses of these people's Heros, having led the rising of Lam Sơn and vanquished Minh (MING) armies, enthroning the first Emperor of Posteriors LÊ Dynasty, the most longer Dynasty of Việt Nam History (by consideration of the First Dynasty and the Dynasty of the Renaissance).

Pacificator King LÊ-Lợi

 

Festival of Lam-Kinh (2012)

 



Festival of Lam-Kinh (2012)

( Photo Credit : hoidonghuongthanhhoa.de)




Festival of Lam-Kinh (2012)

( Photo Credit : hoidonghuongthanhhoa.de)

 



Festival of Lam-Kinh (2012)

( Photo Credit : Hà Bảo Nhỉ )




Festival of Lam-Kinh (2012)

( Photo Credit : Phan Khanh )

 



Festival of Lam-Kinh (2012)

( Photo Credit : Nguyễn Chung )




Festival of Lam-Kinh (2012)

( Photo Credit : K. Nguyễn )

 



Festival of Lam-Kinh (2012)

( Photo Credit : Nguyễn Chung )




Festival of Lam-Kinh (2012)

( Photo Credit : Hà Bảo Nhỉ )

 

 

       Commemoration Feast of Emperor Quang-Trung Nguyễn-Huệ (1753-1792) : It's bout the Tây-Sơn Festival organized every other year, from August 1st to 3rd, at the commune of Tây-Sơn, from the province of Bình-Định in order to commemorate the Heros of people, having unified the country and brilliantly vainquished Mandchus army in the year 1789, throughout famous battles of Ngọc-Hồi, of Đống-Đa...



Qui-Nhơn City during the Commemoration Feast
of Quang-Trung Nguyễn-Huệ Emperor.




Temple of Quang-Trung Nguyễn-Huệ Emperor
during the Tây-Sơn Bình-Đinh Festival 2008.




The Opening of Tây-Sơn Bình-Đinh Festival 2008
during the Quang-Trung Emperor Commemoration Feast.


 



The Opening of Bình-Đinh Traditional Martial Arts Festival
during the Quang-Trung Emperor Commemoration Feast.




Qui-Nhơn City during the Commemoration Feast
of Quang-Trung Nguyễn-Huệ Emperor.




Procession of Quang-Trung Emperor (光中皇帝)

( Photo Credit : Quỳnh Hoa & Hoài Thu )




Scene of Quang-Trung Emperor millitary manoeuvre
in order to outstrip Mandchus invaders.

( Photo Credit : Quỳnh Hoa & Hoài Thu)




Scene of Quang-Trung Emperor millitary manoeuvre
in order to outstrip Mandchus invaders.

( Photo Credit : Quỳnh Hoa & Hoài Thu)




Scene of Quang-Trung Emperor millitary manoeuvre
in order to outstrip Mandchus invaders.

(Photo Credit : Đào Tiến Đạt)




Scene of Quang-Trung Emperor millitary manoeuvre
in order to outstrip Mandchus invaders.

(Photo Credit : Đào Tiến Đạt)






Trumphal return of Quang-Trung Nguyễn-Huệ Emperor.

 

 




Queens of Beauty of Bình-Định Traditional Martial Arts
elected during the Tây-Sơn Commemoration Feast in 2008

(Photo Credit : Đào Tiến Đạt)




Opening of Bình-Đinh Traditional Martial Arts Festival
during the Quang-Trung Emperor Commemoration Feast.


 



Opening of Traditional Martial Arts National Championship
during the Quang-Trung Emperor Commemoration Feast.




Folkloric Dance of Dragon.




The Closing of Bình-Định Traditional Martial Arts Festival
marking the end of Quang-Trung Nguyễn-Huệ Emperor
Commemorative Feast (2008).



Committee of
Bình-Định SA-LONG-CƯƠNG
FRANCE

Martial Arts Masters

 

 

 

 

 

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